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Updated Mycogeography of Italian Ascomycota

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A checklist of plant associated Ascomycota in Italy (2013-2020)

Introduction

Documenting scattered mycological data into a checklist is an advantageous procedure and it serves the preference of the modern researchers in gathering data. Generally, it is challenging to update the fungal lists reported for a particular biotope. In some cases, these lists are based on a single observation event (Gams 2004). However, the continuous data recording, with repeating the lists over the years creates data-rich sources. Also, these checklists provide the biological and ecological information of species to understand their threats and managing of protected areas and forests (Gams 2004, Compagno et al. 2011). Several fungal checklists are available in Europe including Italy. Venturella and Greuter (1991), Compagno et al. (2011), Saitta et al. (2011), Illice et al. (2015), Angelini et al. (2016), Wagensommer et al. (2018) provided several Ascomycota checklists for Italian taxa in different regions.

Since 2013, Ph.D. researchers and expert mycologists in the CEFR group have studied numerous Italian Ascomycota and they are still studying taxa from different Italian provinces. Their amazing discoveries of novel taxa, novel hosts, and geographical records of Ascomycota are published in different scientific journals (Ariyawansa et al. 2015, Wijayawardene et al. 2016, Hyde et al. 2017, 2019, 2020a, b, c, Senanayake et al. 2017b, Jayawardena et al. 2018, Wanasinghe et al. 2018, Phookamsak et al. 2019, Brahmanage et al. 2020) and we aim to provide an additional value to that huge effort by gathering scattered data based on their biology, ecology, and geography.

 

Guidelines 

In the checklist, fungal classes are listed in alphabetical order with currently accepted orders, families, species, and their respective hosts. Taxonomic updates by Hongsanan et al. (2020a,b), Wijayawardene et al. (2022), and Species Fungorum (2022) were followed to update the current Ascomycota classification and synonyms. The reported life mode data of the listed fungal species with their reproductive morph(s) (sexual or asexual morph) are listed as biological information. In the column, sexual and asexual morphs are demarcated by the letters “S and A” respectively. Host species where fungi lives and the collecting dates are listed to understand ecological data and the seasonal relationships of hosts and fungi. Also, the maximum approximate geographical location data of fungal taxa are listed in the “Location” column. A total, of 720 microfungal species are listed in this checklist under Dothideomycetes, Eurotiomycetes, Leotiomycetes, Pezizomycetes, Sordariomycetes, and Ascomycota genera incertae sedis. DNA bases sequence data for all the listed taxa are available in GenBank (2022).

 

 

Fungal taxonomic studies (2011-2020)

Publications 2013-2020

  1. Taxonomic novelties of saprobic Pleosporales from selected dicotyledons and grasses (Brahmanage et al. 2020)
  2. Fungal diversity notes 1151–1276: taxonomic and phylogenetic contributions on genera and species of fungal taxa (Hyde et al. 2020a)
  3. AJOM new records and collections of fungi: 1–100 (Hyde et al. 2020b)
  4. Taxonomy and phylogeny of hyaline‑spored coelomycetes (Li et al. 2020)
  5. Ribosomal and Protein Gene Phylogeny Reveals Novel Saprobic Fungal Species From Juglans regia and Urtica dioica (Pem et al. 2020)
  6. Additions to the genus Cytospora with sexual morph in Cytosporaceae (Shang et al. 2020)
  7. A new genus of Bambusicolaceae (Pleosporales) on Corylus avellana (Fagales) from Italy (Wijesinghe et al. 2020)
  8. Fungal diversity notes 1036–1150: taxonomic and phylogenetic contributions on genera and species of fungal taxa (Hyde et  al. 2019)
  9. Molecular taxonomy reveals the sexual morph of Nodulosphaeria digitalis in Phaeosphaeriaceae from Campanula trachelium in Italy (Chaiwan et al. 2019)
  10. Morphology and phylogeny reveal Stemphylium dianthi sp. nov. and new host records for the sexual morphs of S. beticola, S. gracilariae, S. simmonsii and S. vesicarium from Italy and Russia (Brahmanage et al. 2019)
  11. Fungal diversity notes 709–839: taxonomic and phylogenetic contributions to fungal taxa with an emphasis on fungi on Rosaceae (Wanasinghe et al. 2018a)
  12. Taxonomic circumscription and phylogenetics of novel didymellaceous taxa with brown muriform spores (Wanasinghe et al. 2018b)
  13. Mycosphere notes 169–224 (Hyde et al. 2018)
  14. Microsphaeropsis ononidicola sp. nov. (Microsphaeropsidaceae, Pleosporales) from Ononis spinosa L. (Thambugala et al. 2018)
  15. Mycosphere Notes 102–168: Saprotrophic fungi on Vitis in China, Italy, Russia, and Thailand (Jayawardena et al. 2018)
  16. An appendage-bearing coelomycete Pseudotruncatella arezzoensis gen. and sp. nov. (Amphisphaeriales genera incertae sedis) from Italy, with notes on Monochaetinula (Perera et al. 2018)
  17. Fungal diversity notes 603–708: taxonomic and phylogenetic notes on genera and species (Hyde et al. 2017)
  18. Fungal diversity notes 491–602: taxonomic and phylogenetic contributions to fungal taxa (Tibpromma et al. 2017)
  19. Molecular taxonomy of five species of microfungi on Alnus spp. from Italy (Tian et al. 2017)
  20. Alfaria avenellae sp. nov. from Italy (Lin et al. 2017)
  21. Novel fungal species of Phaeosphaeriaceae with an asexual/sexual morph connection (Karunarathna et al. 2017)
  22. Morphological characterization and DNA based taxonomy of Fusiconidium gen. nov. with two novel taxa within Melanommataceae (Pleosporales) (Li et al. 2017a)
  23. Molecular taxonomy and morphological characterization reveal new species and new host records of Torula species (Torulaceae, Pleosporales) (Li et al. 2017b)
  24. Taxonomy and multigene phylogenetic evaluation of novel species in Boeremia and Epicoccum with new records of Ascochyta and Didymella (Didymellaceae) (Jayasiri et al. 2017)
  25. Mycosphere notes 1-50: Grass (Poaceae) inhabiting Dothideomycetes (Thambugala et al. 2017a)
  26. Microfungi on Tamarix (Thambugala et al. 2017b)
  27. Molecular phylogenetic analysis reveals seven new Diaporthe species from Italy (Dissanayake et al. 2017)
  28. Phylogenetic revision of Camarosporium (Pleosporineae, Dothideomycetes) and allied genera (Wanasinghe et al. 2017)
  29. Taxonomic Position of Melomastia italica sp. nov. and Phylogenetic Reappraisal of Dyfrolomycetales (Norphanphoun et al. 2017)
  30. A new species of Colletotrichum from Sonchus sp. in Italy (Jayawardena et al. 2017)
  31. Alfaria avenellae sp. nov. from Italy (Lin et al. 2017)
  32. Towards a natural classification and backbone tree for Graphostromataceae, Hypoxylaceae, Lopadostomataceae, and Xylariaceae (Daranagama et al. 2017)
  33. Towards a natural classification of Ophiobolus and ophiobolus-like taxa; introducing three novel genera Ophiobolopsis, Paraophiobolus, and Pseudoophiobolus in Phaeosphaeriaceae (Pleosporales) (Phookamsak et al. 2017)
  34. Fungal diversity notes 367–490: taxonomic and phylogenetic contributions to fungal taxa (Hyde et al. 2016)
  35. Fungal diversity notes 253–366: taxonomic and phylogenetic contributions to fungal taxa (Li et al. 2016)
  36. Dothiorella species associated with woody hosts in Italy (Dissanayake et al. 2016)
  37. Taxonomy and phylogeny of dematiaceous coelomycetes (Wijayawardene et al. 2016a)
  38. Sexual morph of Seimatosporium cornii found on Cornus sanguinea in Italy (Perera et al. 2016)
  39. Phomatosporales ord. nov. and Phomatosporaceae fam. nov., to accommodate Lanspora, Phomatospora and Tenuimurus, gen. nov. (Senanayake et al. 2016)
  40. Tristratiperidium microsporum gen. et sp. nov. (Xylariales) on dead leaves of Arundo plinii (Daranagama et al. 2016a)
  41. Lopadostoma fagi (Lopadostomataceae) on Fagus sylvatica from Italy (Daranagama et al. 2016b)
  42. Equiseticola gen. nov. (Phaeosphaeriaceae), from Equisetum sp. in Italy (Abd-Elsalam et al. 2016)
  43. Additions to Sporormiaceae: Introducing two novel genera, Sparticola and Forliomyces, from Spartium (Phukhamsakda et al. 2016)
  44. Taxonomy and phylogeny of Juncaceicola gen. nov. (Phaeosphaeriaceae, Pleosporinae, Pleosporales) (Tennakoon et al. 2016)
  45. Ophiosimulans tanaceti gen. et sp. nov. (Phaeosphaeriaceae) on Tanacetum sp. (Asteraceae) from Italy (Tibpromma et al. 2016)
  46. Taxonomic and phylogenetic placement of Nodulosphaeria (Mapook et al. 2016)
  47. Additions to Pseudocamarosporium; two new species from Italy (Wijayawardene et al. 2016b)
  48. Fungal diversity notes 111–252—taxonomic and phylogenetic contributions to fungal taxa (Ariyawansa et al. 2015)
  49. Fungal diversity notes 1–110: taxonomic and phylogenetic contributions to fungal species (Liu et al. 2015)
  50. Anthostomella is polyphyletic comprising several genera in Xylariaceae (Daranagama et al. 2015)
  51. Keissleriella dactylidis, sp. nov., from Dactylis glomerata and its phylogenetic placement (Singtripop et al. 2015)
  52. The genus Murispora (Wanasinghe et al. 2015)
  53. Pseudodidymosphaeria gen. nov. in Massarinaceae (Thambugala et al.  2015a)
  54. Molecular phylogenetic analysis reveals two new species of Discosia from Italy (Li et al. 2015a)
  55. New asexual morph taxa in Phaeosphaeriaceae (Li et al. 2015b)
  56. Two novel species of Vagicola (Phaeosphaeriaceae) from Italy (Jayasiri et al. 2015)
  57. Epitypification of Broomella vitalbae and Introduction of a Novel Species of Hyalotiella (Li et al. 2015c)
  58. Phylogenetic and morphological appraisal of Leptosphaeria italica sp. nov. (Leptosphaeriaceae, Pleosporales) from Italy (Dayarathne et al. 2015)
  59. Phylogeny and morphology of Premilcurensis gen. nov. (Pleosporales) from stems of Senecio in Italy (Tibpromma et al. 2015)
  60. Seiridium venetum re-described, and S. camelliae, a new species from Camellia reticulata in China (Maharachchikumbura et al. 2015)
  61. Towards a natural classification and backbone tree for Lophiostomataceae, Floricolaceae, and Amorosiaceae fam. nov. (Thambugala et al. 2015b)
  62. Phylogeny and morphology of Phaeosphaeriopsis triseptata sp. nov., and Phaeosphaeriopsis glaucopunctata (Thambugala et al. 2014a)
  63. Dothideales (Thambugala et al. 2014b)
  64. Multi-Locus Phylogeny Reveals the Sexual State of Tiarosporella in Botryosphaeriaceae (Thambugala et al. 2014c)
  65. An Exciting Novel Member of Lentitheciaceae in Italy from Clematis Vitalba (Wanasinghe et al. 2014a)
  66. Dematiopleospora mariae gen. sp. nov., from Ononis Spinosa in Italy (Wanasinghe et al. 2014b)
  67. Camarosporium sensu stricto in Pleosporinae, Pleosporales with two new species (Wijayawardene et al. 2014a)
  68. Homortomyces tamaricis sp. nov. and convergent evolution of Homortomyces and Stilbospora (Wijayawardene et al. 2014b)
  69. Camarosporium-Like Species are Polyphyletic in Pleosporales; Introducing Paracamarosporium and Pseudocamarosporium gen. nov. in Montagnulaceae (Wijayawardene et al. 2014c)
  70. Macrodiplodiopsis in Lophiostomataceae, Pleosporales (Wijayawardene et al. 2014d)
  71. Introducing the Novel Species, Dothiorella symphoricarposicola, from Snowberry in Italy (Li et al. 2014)
  72. Fungal Planet description sheets: 281–319 (Crous et al. 2014)
  73. Revision of Phaeosphaeriaceae (Phookamsak et al. 2014)
  74. Families of Dothideomycetes (Hyde et al. 2013)
  75. Multi-Gene Analyses Reveal Taxonomic Placement of Scolicosporium minkeviciusii in Phaeosphaeriaceae (Pleosporales) (Wijayawardene et al. 2013)

 

About Italian Microfungi

The webpage Italianmicrofungi.org provides an up-to-date classification and account of Italian Microfungi.

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