Pleosporales » Phaeosphaeriaceae » Loratospora

Loratospora luzulae

Phaeosphaeriaceae

Loratospora luzulae Jayasiri, Camporesi & K.D. Hyde, in Ariyawansa et al., Fungal Diversity: 10.1007/s13225-015-0346-5, [82] (2015)

Index Fungorum number: IF 551325; Facesofungi number: FoF 00882

Etymology: In reference to host genus.

Holotype: MFLU 15-1394.

Saprobic on dead stem of Luzula nivea (Juncaceae). Sexual morph: Ascomata 112–120 × 93–100 μm (x̄ = 98 × 115 μm, n = 5), scattered to clustered, solitary, immersed, visible as small, black spots on the host surface, uni-loculate, globose to subglobose, glabrous, brown to dark brown, ostiole central, with a minute papilla containing hyaline periphyses. Peridium 8–20μm wide, of unequal thickness, thickened at the apex, composed of several layers of brown to dark brown, pseudoparenchymatous cells, arranged in a textura globulosa. Hamathecium of 1.5–2 μm wide, septate, long, cellular pseudoparaphyses, embedded in a gelatinous matrix. Asci 64–75 × 14–16 μm (x̄ = 70 × 15 μm, n = 10), 8-spored, bitunicate, fissitunicate, short pedicellate, apically rounded and thick-walled, with an ocular chamber. Ascospores 14–19 × 4–7 μm (x̄ = 16 × 4.6 μm, n = 30), overlapping 2–4-seriate, initially hyaline to subhyaline, pale yellowish at maturity, fusiform with rounded ends, 3-septate, slightly curved, constricted at the septa, wall rough, surrounded by a mucilaginous sheath. Asexual morph: Undetermined

Culture characteristics: Ascospores germinating on MEA within 36 h. Colonies growing on MEA, slow-growing, reaching 0.5 mm diam. in 1 week at 28 °C. Mycelium superficial, felty, grey.

Material examined: ITALY, Province of Forlì-Cesena [FC], Campigna-Santa Sofia, on dead stems of Luzula nivea (Nathh.) DC (Juncaceae), 8 June 2014, E. Camporesi, IT 1918 (MFLU 15-1394, holotype, BBH), ex-type living culture MFLUCC 14-0826, BCC.

GenBank Numbers: LSU: KT328495, SSU: KT328496, ITS: KT328497.

Notes: Loratospora was introduced by Kohlmeyer and Volkmann-Kohlmeyer (1993) as a monotypic genus, with Loratospora aestuarii. Suetrong et al. (2009) transferred Loratospora to Phaeosphaeriaceae based on phylogenetic data, whereas based on morphology it had previously been placed in Planistromellaceae (Barr 1996). This group was not well-resolved in Phookamsak et al. (2014). In this study, Ariyawansa et al. (2015) introduce a new species to the genus because it is morphologically and phylogenetically different to Loratospora aestuarii. Loratospora luzulae forms a separate branch with Loratospora aestuarii in the phylogenetic analysis as well.